Diabetes is a condition where either body stops producing insulin or is unable to utilize it or both of these happen simultaneously. While insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and it regulates blood sugar levels. In diabetes, the body is unable to utilize sugar present in the blood. Which leaves the patient with high blood sugar levels.
Belonging from a family where diabetes runs genetically, there is a lot of trauma and paranoia associated with it. I wanted to learn more about diabetes and its types to prepare myself beforehand. I contacted the best diabetes doctor in Karachi I could find and asked him to tell me more about diabetes with scientific references. The doctor was kind enough to give in-depth knowledge. And here is what I learned:
Blood sugar is called glucose and is the main source of energy in our body. Hence the disturbed glucose levels might lead to bigger problems. There are three types of diabetes called Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes.
It is argued to be an autoimmune disease which means that the patient’s immune system wrongfully attacks their own pancreas which permanently affects insulin production. The initial triggers of this type are still unknown. The reasons are mostly genetic or environmental. However, lifestyle choices, in this case, do not affect much.
It can cause weight loss and Diabetic ketoacidosis (a condition where despite having high blood sugar levels the insulin production is really low) in patients.
It can cause dark patches in the folds of skin in your armpits and neck and it takes longer to get diagnosed. It can also cause inflammation in your feet.
It can be treated by injecting insulin in the patient’s body.
The common trigger for this type of diabetes is insulin resistance where the body is unable to use insulin efficiently. This lag forces pancreas to make more insulin until it no longer keeps up. When insulin production goes down the blood sugar levels increase. It can either be due to low physical activity, poor diet, or genetic conditions too.
Type 2 diabetes is usually less harmful than type 1 diabetes but can still cause major complications affecting patient’s eyes, kidneys, and nerves. It can be treated by adapting healthy lifestyle like eating healthy, doing proper exercise, and maintaining a healthy schedule.
This type of diabetes occurs during pragnancy when insulin-blocking hormones are produced. The only cause of this type of diabetes is pregnancy. In extreme cases it can lead to high blood pressure, birth defects, and even misscarriage.
Type 1 diabetes doesn’t have a treatment. It demands lifetime treatment of diseases. But you might be able to prevent more severe complications of the condition with regular care and commitment to medication. Type 2 diabetes will also be successfully controlled if you work directly with the doctor and make healthy lifestyle decisions. The gestational diabetes, on the other hand, will probably work out when your infant is delivered .
Meta Description: Diabetes can be divided into three types i.e. type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune deasease while type 2 diabetes is mostly due to poor lifestyle and gestational diabetes usually occurs in pragnancy.